Monday, February 7, 2011

Ajmal Kasab - JULY 13, 1987



Ajmal Kasab

Mohammed Ajmal Amīr Kasāb (Urduمحمد اجمل امیر قصاب; born 
13 July 1987) is a PakistaniIslamic terrorist who was involved 
in the 2008 Mumbai attacks. Kasab is the only attacker captured 
alive by police and is currently in Indian custody. The Government 
of Pakistan initially denied that Kasab was from Pakistan, but in 
January 2009, it officially  accepted that he was a Pakistani 
citizen. On 3 May 2010, an Indian court convicted him of murder, 
waging war on India, possessing explosives, and other charges. 
On 6 May 2010, the same trial court sentenced him to death on 
four counts and to a life sentence on five other counts.

Background

Kasab was born in Faridkot village in the Okara District of 
PunjabPakistan. His father is a dahi puri vendor while his 
elder brother, Afzal, works as a laborer in Lahore. His elder 
sister, Rukaiyya Husain, is married in the village.A younger sister, 
Suraiyya, and brother, Munir, live in Faridkot with the parents.
According to reports, the village of Faridkot is quite 
impoverished and isolated, despite being close to a 
larger town. On the side of a building, just outside 
Faridkot, graffiti in large lettering says, in Urdu, 
"Go for jihad. Go for jihad. Markaz Dawat ul-Irshad".
 'Markaz Dawat ul-Irshad' is a parent organization of 
Early life
He briefly joined his brother in Lahore, who worked 
as a laborer, and then returned to FaridkotHe left
 home after a fight with his father in 2005. He had 
asked for new clothes on Eid, but his father could not 
provide them, which made him angry. He then 
became involved in petty crime with his friend 
Muzaffar Lal Khan, soon moving on to armed robbery.
 On 21 December 2007, Bakr-Eid day, they were in 
Rawalpindi trying to buy weapons when they 
encountered members of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah
the political wing of Lashkar-e-Taiba, distributing 
pamphlets. After a brief chat, they decide to 
sign up for training with the Lashkar-e-Taiba, 
ending up at their base camp, Markaz Taiba.
Initial reports offered a conflicting view of Kasab 
as fluent in English, and from a middle class 
background. However, an interrogator 
and deputy commissioner of the Mumbai Police 
stated that he spoke rough Hindi and barely any 
English. Some sources said his father asked him to 
join the militant group, Lashkar-e-Taiba so that he 
could use the money they gave him to run the 
family. When asked about this, Kasab's father 
told reporters, "I don't sell my sons."
Villagers of Okara, Kasab's native village, claimed on camera, that he was at their village 
six months before the Mumbai attack. They said that he asked his mother to bless him as 
he was going for Jihad, and claimed that he demonstrated his wrestling skills to a few 
village boys that day.

Ajmal Kasab is alleged to be among a group of 24 men who received training in marine 

warfare at a remote camp in mountainousMuzaffarabad in Pakistan-administered Kashmir

Part of the training is reported to have taken place on the Mangla Dam reservoir.

Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, a senior commander of the Lashkar-e-Taiba, reportedly 

offered to pay his family Rs.150,000 for his participation in the attacks. Another report 
said the 21-year old was recruited from his Punjab, Pakistan, home in part based on 
a pledge by recruiters to payRs.100,000 to his family when he became a martyr. 
Other sources put the reward to US $4,000.

Stages of training

This batch of 25 went through the following stages of training:
  • Basic Combat: Lashkar's basic combat training and terror methodology course, the 
  • Daura Aam. Advanced Training: Selected to undergo advanced combat training 
  • at a camp near Mansehra, a course the organisation calls the Daura Khaas. 
  • This includes advanced weapons and explosives training supervised by retired 
  • personnel of the Pakistan Army, along withsurvival training and further indoctrination.
  • Commando Training: Finally, an even smaller group selected for specialized commando 
  • tactics training and marine navigation training given to the Fedayeen unit selected in 
  • order to target Mumbai.
From the batch of about 25, 10 were handpicked for the Mumbai mission. They also 
received training in swimming and sailing, besides the use of high-end weapons 
and explosives under the supervision of LeT commanders. According to a media report 
citing an unnamed former Defence Department Official of the US, the intelligence 
agencies of the US had determined that the former officers from Pakistan's Army and 
Inter-Services Intelligence agency assisted actively and continuously in training. 
They were given blueprints of all the four targets – Taj Mahal Palace & Tower

Involvement in 2008 Mumbai attacks


He was captured on CCTV during his attacks at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus along with 
another terrorist, Ismail Khan. Kasab reportedly told the police that they wanted to 
replicate the Islamabad Marriott hotel attack, and reduce the Taj Hotel to rubble, 
replicating the 9/11 attacks in India.
Kasab and his accomplice Abu Dera Ismail Khan, age 25, attacked the 
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) railway station. 
They then moved on to attack a police vehicle (a white Toyota Qualis) at Cama Hospital
in which senior Mumbai police officers (Maharashtra ATS Chief Hemant Karkare
encounter specialist Vijay Salaskar and Additional Commissioner of Mumbai Police 
Ashok Kamte) were traveling. After killing them in a gun battle and taking two constables 
hostage in the Qualis, Kasab and Ismail Khan drove towards Metro cinema. Kasab joked 
about the bullet proof 
vests worn by the police and killed one constable when his mobile phone rang. 
They fired some shots into a crowd gathered at Metro Cinema. They then drove 
towards Vidhan Bhavan where they fired a few more shots. Their vehicle had 
a tire puncture, so they stole a silver Škoda Laura and drove towards 
Earlier, the D B Marg police had got a message from police control at about 10 pm
saying that two heavily armed men were at large after gunning down commuters at CST. 
15 policemen from D B Marg were sent to Chowpatty where they set up a double 
barricade on Marine Drive armed with two self-loading rifles (SLRs), two revolvers and lathis (or batons).
The Skoda reached Chowpatty and halted 40 to 50 feet from the barricade. It then reversed and tried 
to make a U-turn. A shootout ensued and Abu Ismail was killed. Kasab lay motionless playing dead. 
Assistant sub-inspector Tukaram Omble, who was armed only with a lathi (gapp), was killed 
when the police charged the car. Omble took five bullets, but held on to Kasab's weapon, 
enabling his colleagues to capture him alive. A mob gathered and attacked the two terrorists. 
This incident was captured on video.
Some reports said that Ajmal Kasab was shot and had bullet wounds in his hand or both hands. 
There are other reports by doctors who treated him that he had no bullet wounds.
While it is reported that he told the police that he was trained to "kill to the last breath", 
when he was arrested, he pleaded with the medical staff: "I do not want to die. Put me on saline".
 Later, after interrogation in the hospital by the police, he said: "Now, I do not want to live", 
requesting the interrogators to kill him for the safety of his family in Pakistan who could be 
killed or tortured for his surrender to Indian police. Fidayeen suicide squad terrorists are 
strictly instructed by Lashkar commanders not to be captured and interrogated, use aliases 
instead of their real names and hide their nationality. He is also quoted as saying "I have done right, 
I have no regrets". Reports also surfaced that the group planned to escape safely after the attack, 
ruling out this being a suicide mission.
Kasab has told interrogators that right through the fighting, the Lashkar headquarters from 
Karachi, Pakistan, remained in touch with the group, calling their phones through a voice-over-
internet service. Investigators have succeeded in reconstructing the group's journey through the 
Garmin GPS set that has been seized from him. The mail sent from a bogus group calling 
itself the Deccan Mujahideen claiming responsibility has been traced to a Russian proxy which 
was then traced back to LahorePakistan, with the help of the FBI. It was in fact the Lashkar-e-Toiba 
operating under an alternate name after being banned by U.S.


Nationality
After the attacks, India asserted that Kasab was a Pakistani national based on his confession and evidence gathered due to the information provided by him. Several reporters visited the village in Pakistan where Kasab said his family lived, and verified the facts provided by him. FormerPakistan Prime MinisterNawaz Sharif confirmed that Kasab was from Faridkot village in Pakistan, and criticized President Zardari for cordoning off the village and not allowing his parents to meet anyone.

Investigative journalist Saeed Shah travelled to Kasab's village and produced national identity card 
numbers of his parents, Mohammed Amir and Noor Elahi soon after they themselves disappeared 
on the night of 3 December 2008.
Also, the Mumbai Police said that much of the information that Kasab provided had proved to be 
accurate. He disclosed the location of a fishing trawler, MV Kuber, that the terrorists used to 
enter Mumbai's coastal waters. He also told investigators where they would find the ship 
captain's body, a satellite phone and a global-positioning device, which they did
Despite mounting evidence, Pakistani officials, including President Asif Ali Zardari, initially 
denied the assertion that Ajmal Kasab was Pakistani. Pakistani government officials attempted 
to erase evidence that there was a Lashkar-e-Taiba office in Deepalpur, near Kasab's village. 
The office was hurriedly closed in the week of 7 December. Moreover, at Faridkot many 
residents and local plainclothes police appeared to be trying to hurriedly cover up Kasab's 
connection with the village. The atmosphere turned hostile, and several reporters who went 
to Faridkot were roughed up. In early December, dealing a major blow to Pakistan's claims, 
Kasab's father admitted in an interview that the captured terrorist was his son.
In January 2009, a month after the attacks, Pakistan's national security advisor Mahmud Ali 
Durrani admitted to Kasab being a Pakistani citizen while speaking to the CNN-IBN news channel. 
The Pakistan Government then hastily acknowledged that Ajmal Kasab was a Pakistani, but also 
announced that Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani had fired Durrani for "failing to take 
Gilani and other stakeholders into confidence" before making this information public, 
and for "a lack of coordination on matters of national security." 

Police interrogation


Naming confusion

Ajmal Kasab was arrested in Mumbai, which is located in the state of Maharashtra 
where the local language is Marathi. On 6 December 2008, the newspaper The Hindu 
reported that the police officers who interrogated him did not speak his language, 
Urdu, and misinterpreted his caste origin "kasai", meaning butcher, to be a surname, 
writing it as "Kasav".
The Times of India reported a different version of the error. The Times said that 
the police officers correctly understood that Ajmal Kasab does not have a surname
In order to satisfy an administrative requirement that people have surnames, 
the officers 'used the "Indian way"' by asking Kasab for his father's profession, 
and decided to use this word, "butcher", or "Kasab" in Urdu, as his surname.
Various officials made minor corrections they thought were needed to the Latin alphabet 
spelling. Eventually, native Hindi and Punjabi speaking police officers talked to Kasab and 
discovered the error. The Hindu refers to Ajmal Amir as either "Mohammad Ajmal Amir, 
son of Mohammad Amir Iman" or "Mohammad Ajmal Amir 'Kasab'".
List of various names used to refer to Kasab:
  • Ajmal Kasab 
  • Azam Amir Kasav
  • Ajmal Qasab
  • Ajmal Amir Kamal
  • Ajmal Amir Kasab
  • Azam Ameer Qasab
  • Mohammad Ajmal Qasam
  • Ajmal Mohammed Amir Kasab
  • Mohammad Ajmal Amir Kasar
  • Amjad Amir Kamaal
  • Mohammed Ajmal Amir Qasab



Confessions

Kasab was caught at Girgaum Chowpatty Naka in Mumbai trying to escape in a car and 
taken to the Nair hospital. According to preliminary investigations by intelligence 
agencies, Ajmal Kasab is from Faridkot in Pakistan (near Multan, not to be confused
 with a town of the same name found in India) and had received arms training in Pakistan.
Ammunition, a satellite phone and a layout plan of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was 
recovered from him. He has provided many clues to the investigation agencies and 
has reportedly described how they arrived at Mumbai from Karachi via Porbandar
He has reportedly said that he and other terrorists had received revolvers,AK-47s
ammunition and dried fruit, from their coordinator. Kasab reportedly told the 
police that they wanted to replicate the Marriott hotel attack in Islamabad
and reduce the Taj Hotel to rubble, replicating the September 11 attacks in US. 
Kasab also told Indian police that the terrorists targeted Nariman House, 
where the Chabad center was located, because it was frequented by Israelis, 
who were targeted to "avenge atrocities on Palestinians."
Mumbai Joint Police Commissioner of Crime Rakesh Maria said, information 
came out from his interview with Kasab that he is from the Faridkot village 
in the Okara district of Pakistan's Punjab province. He is the son of Mohammed 
Amir Kasab. Pakistani authorities repeatedly said there was no evidence 
of such a person in Pakistan. But reporters have visited the village 
near Depalpur, in Okara district, and identified the parents as named by Mumbai police. 
Villagers have confirmed that he indeed lived there. On the night of 3 December 
2008, the parents were whisked away by a bearded Mullah, and since then, there was 
evidence of a cover-up by plainclothes police. Villagers changed their stories, and 
reporters who visit there are now being roughed up.
It is reported that Kasab told the police that he and his associate, Ismail Khan, 
were the ones who shot Anti-Terror Squad chief Hemant Karkare, encounter 
specialist Vijay Salaskar and Additional Commissioner Ashok Kamte. According 
to the police, Kasab entered the Taj posing as a student from Mauritius and 
had stored explosives in one of the hotel's rooms.


Confessions on video

He repeatedly asks the interrogators to turn the camera off or he will not speak. 
But statements caught on video were: 
Kasab had but a limited understanding of jihad, based on the statements 
he made to authorities. He told interrogators "it is about killing and getting 
killed and becoming famous." "Come, kill and die after a killing spree. 
By this one will become famous and will also make Allah proud," is what 
the suspect said when police asked him what he understood about jihad.
According to the officer, Kasab spoke Pathani Hindi and told the police that 
he threw up the moment he saw all the blood and gore. "Kasab said that 
he could not bear the sight of dead bodies and after creating enough havoc 
wanted to go back to Pakistan," the officer said.
"We were told that our big brother India is so rich and we are dying of poverty 
and hunger. 
My father sells dahi wada on a stall in Lahore and we did not even get enough 
food to eat from his earnings. I was promised that once they knew that I was 
successful in my operation, they would give Rs 150,000, to my family," said Qasab.
He shocked police through his readiness to switch loyalties now that he was 
apprehended. "If you give me regular meals and money I will do the same for 
you that I did for them," he said.
"When we asked whether he knew any verses from the Quran that described jihad, 
Kasab said he did not," police said. "In fact he did not know much about Islam or its 
tenets," according to a police source.

Other reports

In a press conference, the Mumbai city police commissioner said "The person we have 
caught alive is certainly a Pakistani. They were all trained by ex-army officers, some 
for a year, some for more than a year". On 23 November they set sail from Karachi 
unarmed to be picked up by a larger vessel. They hijacked the Indian fishing 
trawler Kuber and set sail for Mumbai.
The Times reported on 3 December that Indian police were going to submit Kasab 
to a Narco Analysis test to definitively determine his nationality.
According to the English-language Indian newspaper Daily News and Analysis
Kasab began reading the autobiography of India's non-violent activist leader 
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in early March 2009, in response to gradual 
coaxing by prison guards.

Legal issues

Several Indian lawyers refused to represent Kasab citing ethical concerns. 
A resolution was passed unanimously by the Bombay Metropolitan Magistrate 
Court's Bar Association, which has more than 1,000 members, saying that none 
of its members will defend any of the accused of the terror attacks. In December
2008, the Chief Justice of India K. G. Balakrishnan said that for a fair trial, Kasab 
needed to get a lawyer.
Kasab wrote to the Pakistani High Commission in India requesting help and legal aid. 
In the letter, he confirmed the nationality of himself and the nine slain terrorists as 
Pakistani. He also asked the Pakistani High Commission to take custody of the 
body of fellow terrorist Ismail Khan, who was killed in an encounter in south 
Mumbai on the night of 26 November. Pakistani officials confirmed the receipt 
of the letter and were reported to be studying its details. However, no further 
updates were given on the matter by Pakistan.


Trial

Towards the end of December 2008, Ujjwal Nikam was appointed as Public Prosecutor
for trying Kasab and in January 2009 M. L. Tahiliyani was appointed the judge for the 
case. Indian investigators filed a 11,000 page Chargesheet against Kasab on 25 February 
2009. Due to the fact that the chargesheet was written in Marathi and English, Kasab 
had requested that an Urdu translation of the charge sheet be given to him. He 
was charged with murder, conspiracy and waging war against India along with 
other crimes. His trial was originally scheduled to start on 15 April 2009 but was 
postponed as his lawyer, Anjali Waghmare was dismissed for a conflict of interest. 
It resumed on 17 April after Abbas Kazmi was assigned as his new defense counsel. 
On 20 April the prosecution submitted a list of charges against him, including the murder 
of 166 people. On 6 May Kasab pleaded not guilty to 86 charges. The same month
he was identified by eyewitnesses who testified witnessing his actual arrival and him 
firing at the victims. Later the doctors who treated him also identified him. On 2 
June 2009, Kasab told the judge he now also understood Marathi.
In June 2009, the special court issued non-bailable warrants against 22 absconding 
accused including Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) chief Hafeez Saeed and chief of operations of 
Lashkar-e-Toiba, Zaki-ur-Rehman Laqvi. On 20 July 2009 Kasab retracted his non-guilty 
plea and pleaded guilty to all charges. On 18 December 2009, he retracted his guilty
plea and claimed that he was framed and his confession was obtained by torture. 
Instead he claimed to have come to Mumbai 20 days before the attacks and was simply 
roaming at Juhu beach when police arrested him. The trial concluded on 31 March 2010 
and on 3 May the verdict was pronounced - Kasab was found guilty of murder, 
conspiracy, and of waging war against India. On 6 May he was sentenced to the death penalty.
Currently, the case is being argued in the Bombay High Court before the bench of Hon'ble 
Ms. Justice Ranjana Desai and Hon'ble Mr. Justice R V More; who are hearing the appeal 
against the Death Penalty filed by Kasab.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

BORN MONDAY, JULY 13, 1987
NEWS SUMMARY: Published: July 13, 1987
11 President Reagan was told of plans to use profits from the Iran arms sales for covert operations other than supporting the contras in a memo written by Rear Adm. John M. Poindexter, according to Senator Daniel K. Inouye, the Hawaii Democrat. Page A1st in Oliver North rose sharply when he began implicating higher-ups and lecturing Congress on foreign policy. Many Europeans seem surprised that he has won the admiration of so many Americans. A9

Convicting Colonel North and several major suspects in the Iran-contra affair on criminal charges could be difficult, perhaps impossible, for the special prosecutor, Federal officials and defense lawyers say. A8
A lawsuit about contra activities in Costa Rica charges a broad conspiracy involving an assassination attempt, drug-dealing and gun-running. Two American freelance journalists are at the heart of the unresolved suit. A8
Talks with anti-Government rebels in Mozambique have been held by the Administration, which is considering expanding such contacts, Government officials said. The talks, even 
though on a low level, are a marked shift of policy. A3
________________________________________________________________________________
BORN MONDAY, JULY 13, 1987
(this only to compare with Ajmal Kasab's DOB)
________________________________________________________________________________

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